KBB-Forum 2021 , Cilt 20, Sayı 2


Süleyman ERDOĞDU 1, MD; Nasibe ÜNSALAN 2, MD;
1Istanbul Haydarpasa Numune Training and Research Hospital, KBB, İstanbul, Turkey
2Beykoz Devlet Hastanesi, Psikiyatri, İstanbul, Turkey
It was aimed to compare the levels of anxiety and depression of subjects in the control group with the levels of depression and anxiety in patients admitted because of tinnitus and diagnosed as subjective tinnitus. 51 patients with idiopathic tinnitus and 51 patients without tinnitus and volunteers were asked to fill out a sociodemographic information form. Then Tinnitus Disability Questionnaire (TEA), Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), and Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) were applied. The results were compared and statistically commented. For this purpose, BDI and BAI scores of the subjects in the idiopathic e tinnitus group were found to be statistically significant compared to those in the control group (p = 0.000, p = 0.006). While 8 patients in the patient group had mild depression scores, 6 patients had moderate depression, 3 had severe depression scores. There were mild anxiety scores in 13, moderate in 7, and severe in 4. Whereas in the control group, mild depression scores in 3 people, moderate in 3 people, and severe in 2 people. Anxiety scores were mild in 9, moderate in 2, and severe in 2. It was found statistically significant between TEA scores and BDI and BAI (p = 0.000; p = 0.000). After all, Anxiety and depression may accompany patients with idiopathic tinnitus. The presence of emotional factors such as depression and anxiety can be accepted as a bad prognosis in patients with tinnitus. The application of a multidisciplinary approach in patients with tinnitus should be evaluated together with tinnitus and psychiatric problems. Keywords : Tinnitus, anxiety, depression, epidemiology