KBB-Forum 2021 , Cilt 20, Sayı 1


Dr. Mustafa ÇOLAK1, Dr. Mehmet Fatih KARAKUŞ2, Dr. Fakih Cihat ERAVCI3, Dr. Süleyman Emre KARAKURT4, Dr. Aykut İKİNCİOĞULLARI1, Dr. Hacı Hüseyin DERE1
1Ankara Şehir Hastanesi KBB Hastalıkları Kliniği, Ankara, Türkiye
2Ordu Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi KBB Hastalıkları Anabilimdalı, Ordu, Türkiye
3Necmettin Erbakan Üniversitesi KBB Hastalıkları Anabilimdalı, Konya, Türkiye
4Tepecik Eğitim ve Araştırma Hastanesi KBB Hastalıkları Kliniği, İzmir, Türkiye
Objective: The aim of this study is to evaluate the awareness of individuals who applied to the ENT outpatient clinic on laryngeal cancer.

Patients and Method: The study is a questionnaire study consisting of 19 questions. The first 5 questions of the survey are descriptive questions. In these questions, the age, gender, education level, smoking habits and alcohol use of the individuals who participated in the questionnaire were questioned, and the etiology, symptoms, treatment and post-treatment morbidities of laryngeal cancer were questioned in the remaining 14 questions. The 200 individuals included in the study were divided into two groups as 40 years old and younger, over 40 years old according to the age range, and into three groups as primary, high school and university according to their education level. The answers given by the individuals were compared statistically according to the groups in which they were included.

Results: 35% of all individuals participating in the questionnaire actively consumed cigarettes and 27% actively consumed alcohol. While smoking rates were similar between groups, alcohol consumption was higher among university graduates (p = 0.02). 35% of all individuals considered hoarseness as the most common symptom of laryngeal cancer. Chemotherapy response was given in the first place as the most effective treatment. 33% of all individuals thought that someone who received treatment for laryngeal cancer could recover fully. 38% of individuals aged 40 and under and 59% of individuals over 40 thought that full recovery could occur (p = 0.004).

Conclusion: Participants answered the questions about the etiology and symptoms of laryngeal cancer with a high rate of correct answers, while they answered the questions about treatment options and post-treatment morbidities with a lower rate. Keywords : Survey, Head and neck cancers, Knowledge level, Laryngeal cancer, Cigarette