KBB-Forum 2019 , Cilt 18, Sayı 2


Serkan KAYABAŞI 1, MD; Funda KEMERIZ 2, MD; Serkan ÇAYIR 1, MD;
1Aksaray Üniversitesi, KBB Anabilim Dalı, Aksaray, Turkey
2Aksaray Üniversitesi, Dermatoloji Anabilim Dalı, Aksaray, Turkey
Objective: In this study, we aimed to investigate the distribution of allergens in our region according to admission diagnosis and age in patients and to determine the positivity rate in children and adults who underwent the skin prick test.

Methods: The results of 300 patients who underwent the skin prick test were evaluated retrospectively, the skin prick test results were investigated. Prick test positivity was compared between pediatric and adult patients.

Results: Patients with the most positive response to the administered allergen extracts were found to be angioneurotic edema (75%) and allergic rhinitis patients (63.75%). The allergens with the highest positivity were determined to be the tree and shrub pollen (53.74%), house dust mites (53.06%), meadow and grass pollen (35.37%), respectively. Of the 300 patients who required the prick test, 80 (26.6%) were allergic rhinitis, 65 (21.6%) were chronic cough, 58 (19.3%) were chronic idiopathic urticaria, 45 (15%) were generalized pruritus, 24 (8%) were atopic dermatitis, 18 (6%) were contact dermatitis, 6 (2.3%) were allergic asthma and 4 (1%) were angioneurotic edema patients. The highest test positivity in the pediatric patient population was in patients with allergic rhinitis (70.3%) and atopic dermatitis (48%). Prick test positivity and multiple allergen positivity rates were not observed to be significantly different between children and adults (p> 0.05).

Conclusion: Allergic rhinitis was found to be the most common prick test indication. Patient groups with the highest prick test positivity were angioneurotic edema and allergic rhinitis. Tree and shrub pollens were the most common allergens. Keywords : Allergic Rhinitis, Allergy, Skin Prick