This study aimed to reveal objectively the effect of hypothyroidism on nasal hydration.
Methods: A total of 150 patients who were included in the study were grouped as the control and the hypothyroid group. The control group consisted of euthyroid patients with planned thyroidectomy and tympanoplasty operations, whereas the hypothyroid group consisted of patients with hypothyroidism after thyroidectomy operation. Demographic data (age-gender) and serum FT3, FT4 and TSH values of the patiens were recorded. Nasal schirmer test was performed on control group before surgery and hypothyroid group after thyroidectomi.
Results: The control group consisted of 80(53.3%) female and 70(46.7%) male patients with a mean age of 40.4±11.6 years. The hypothyroid group consisted of 33(64.7%) female and 18(35.3%) male patients with a mean age of 43.7±11.7 years. The preoperative schirmer test averages of the control group were 19.8±6.9 on the right side and 19.5±7 on the left side. The schirmer test averages of the hypothyroid group were 20,2±6,6 on the right side and 19±6,6 on the left side. There was no statistically significant difference between control and hypothyroidism groups in right and left nasal cavity schirmer test values.
Conclusion: Hypothyroidism is reported to cause many nasal symptoms isn't a quantitative effect on nasal secretion.