KBB-Forum 2013 , Cilt 12, Sayı 1


Dr. Sevtap AKBULUT1, Dr. Haldun OĞUZ2, Dr. Rahşan İNAN3
1Dr. Lütfi Kırdar Kartal Eğitim ve Araştırma Hastanesi, Kulak Burun Boğaz Kliniği, İstanbul, Türkiye
2Yakın Doğu Üniversitesi, Kulak Burun Boğaz Kliniği, Lefkoşe, Kuzey Kıbrıs TC
3Dr. Lütfi Kırdar Kartal Eğitim ve Araştırma Hastanesi, Nöroloji Kliniği, İstanbul, Türkiye
Laryngeal electromyography (LEMG) is a procedure that evaluates the integrity of the muscles and nerves of the larynx. LEMG is mainly indicated for the patients who have evidence of a movement disorder of the vocal cords. There are several types of disorders that can result in abnormal motions of the vocal cords. The purpose of LEMG is to help the physician differentiate the causes of the movement disorders and make a diagnosis. It is particularly useful in evaluating disorders affecting the nerves, the neuromuscular junctions, and the muscles of the larynx. LEMG should be considered as an extension of the physical examination. LEMG abnormalities are interpreted within the broader clinical context and are used to assist in the diagnosis and treatment of vocal cord mobility disorders.

The basic EMG principles are reviewed and important points are summarized in this article. The details of the percutaneous LEMG technique, its clinical applications and indications are introduced. Keywords : Electromyography; Laryngeal Electromyography; Larynx; Vocal cord paralysis